Watchfulness is Key for Survivors at Risk of Second Cancers

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Watchfulness is Key for Survivors at Risk of Second Cancers

Think that surviving cancer puts you in the clear for getting diagnosed with other forms of the disease? Think again.

Cancer risk is significantly higher among cancer survivors. As many as 14 percent of all cancers diagnosed are second cancers that develop among cancer survivors. That is, they’re new cancers – not recurrences of the original cancer.

According to City of Hope’s Arti Hurria, M.D., and Ari M. VanderWalde, M.D., formerly of City of Hope and now at Amgen, these cancers happen most often among people diagnosed with their first cancer between age 50 and 69. But they can happen among those in their 70s and beyond, too.

“The increased risk for these cancers comes from a variety of factors,” says Hurria, director of the Cancer and Aging Research Program at City of Hope. “These include the long-term effects of therapeutic radiation and chemotherapy, genetic factors and hormones. Lifestyle factors that increase risk for one cancer, such as diet and obesity, often increase risk for others, as well.”

Hurria and VanderWalde urge physicians to document their patients’ cancer and treatment history. Doctors have solid guidelines for screening breast cancer survivors at high risk of developing other cancers, but studies have shown that survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma and breast, ovarian, prostate and colon cancers are at higher risk for other cancers, too.

Advises Hurria: “The take-home message for older survivors is to share all the details of your cancer experience, including your medications and course of treatment, with the physician who is coordinating your everyday care. This way, you can confidently focus on prevention and early detection of any future cancer.” – Alicia Di Rado

Common Cancers To Watch For

New cancers linked to first cancers

Certain first cancers are linked to a higher risk for specific other cancers. Knowing these relationships, cancer physicians and survivors can remain vigilant for signs of new disease.

Breast cancer – Higher risk for breast cancer in the other breast as well as leukemia, sarcoma, melanoma and ovarian, uterine and lung cancers.
Ovarian cancer – Higher risk for breast, colon, biliary tract and bladder cancer as well as acute leukemia, melanoma in the eye and sarcoma.
Prostate cancer – Higher risk of bladder, rectal, thyroid and small bowel (carcinoid) cancer.
Colon cancer – Higher risk of small intestine, stomach, uterine, ovarian and cervical cancer, in addition to colorectal tumors.
Hodgkin lymphoma – Higher risk of leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and cancers of the lung, breast, thyroid, salivary glands, uterus and gastrointestinal tract.

City of Hope’s Center for Cancer Survivorship offers specialized follow-up care for survivors of childhood cancer as well as breast and prostate cancer.

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Second cancers

Second cancers information.

Go to Restore's homepage and either:

1. click on the Watchfulness is Key for Survivors at Risk for Second Cancers;
at the bottom of the story we have added the information


2. click on the button in the photo at the top of the homepage that says CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT SECOND CANCERS;
you will be taken to the main City of Hope website;
scroll down and the information is boxed at the bottom of the page.

While you are on the CIty of Hope website, take advantage of searching for additional information about the latest in cancer research, treatment and patient care.

I was looking for the second

I was looking for the second cancers for survivors and cannot find it either???? It just keeps taking me in circles. Steve

Restore mentions an article

Restore mentions an article "COMMON CANCERS TO WATCH FOR" but I can't find it anywhere on the site!

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